Outage Planning

Outage Co-ordination is an essential part of managing the operation of the power system in a secure and efficient manner.

Outage Planning Policy

This policy is to clarify how, in Transpower's dual roles as system operator and owner of the national grid, we will meet our obligations around outage planning, coordination and assessment.

This policy will mean:

  • our approaches in both roles are more transparent,
  • in our system operator role we:
  1. will continue to publish assessments where there are outages that may cause a security concern
  2. will consider economic impacts of outages and the mitigation of security violations where this is relevant.

The policy is an internal policy, but one that we have published and that we have discussed with industry participants to gain their feedback.

It draws on our Code obligations, particularly those which deal with the general considerations we, as grid owner, must make in planning outages, and those that are relevant to our system operator role in assessing outages and notifying interested parties. These are the areas where we want to be clearer about our approach, and clearer about how we will maintain impartiality in our system operator service.

Some of our other obligations, particularly in our role as owner of the national grid are described in the Outage Protocol, which steps through how we will publish and consult on our annual outage plan, and how we will make changes to the Annual Outage Plan. This policy does not detail these types of procedural responsibilities.

SP-OC-759 Outage planning policy [ pdf 821.39 KB ]

The situations where we, as system operator, will publish assessments to POCP (Planned Outage Coordination Protocol)

As part of the policy, and particularly principle four, we will publish assessments, from four weeks out from outage start date, in some situations. This is to provide more up-to-date information to industry participants, so they can be made more aware of potential security risk and take appropriate action. Most situations will be when planned outages are causing an actual or perceived tighter security situation. This may include energy and reserve shortfalls, voltage stability violations or thermal violations. 

We have published a document outlining the triggers for providing the assessments to POCP, and the assumptions we will use in our assessments. This covers general situations but particularly two key regions of the electricity system:

  • Upper North Island or Zone 1 voltage stability where we will publish an assessment where the assessment shows the voltage stability margin exceeds 97.5%
  • The HVDC where we will publish an assessment when:
    • the calculated power limit is within 50MW of the expected HVDC transfer or
    • the deficit generation from NZGB for the base scenario is < 50MW (for N-1-G).

A supporting document with further technical detail can be found below. This is also an internal document which has been published to enable participants to understand the triggers and assumptions underlying the assessments.

Guidelines for Notifying and Publishing an Assessment [ pdf 126.05 KB ]

Planned Outage Co-ordination Process

The Planned Outage Co-ordination Process (POCP) was agreed by the Planned Outage Forum in October 2002 and presented to the Grid Security Committee in November 2002.

Reviews of the POCP was completed in 2006, 2009 and 2013.

A POCP website has been established to host the outage database and a detailed User Guide.

Outage Notification Guidance

This guidance is provided to assist Asset Owners in accessing which outages or reduction in equipment capability may impact the system operator’s ability to plan to meet its Principal Performance Obligations. They have been produced in response to recommendations from the 2019 POCP review.

Contact OPS.Planner@transpower.co.nz for further assistance or specific outage queries.

System Operator Response to POCP Review [ pdf 341.98 KB ]

Attachment 1 - Minimum Outage Disclosure Requirements [ pdf 190.74 KB ]

POCP Review - Outage Notification Guidance Presentation [ pdf 474.07 KB ]

Questions and Answers

We have listed below common questions we have received from industry along with our responses.  We will continue to update this section and share with participants any updates.

Number Description
1

Is demand Response to be included as it is not offered in and therefore is not shown in the forward schedules?

System Operator Response 4 March 2021

We are reviewing this point and will provide an answer as soon as possible.

2

Are Wind Farms included in the 20 MW requirement?

System Operator Response 4 March 2021

Yes they are, we have considered this question and whilst wind farm station output is usually considered to be 0MW during planning security studies for specific outages, an element of Wind farm Station output is considered in other assessments such as NZGB.
3

Duration of load outages that require notification i.e. >24 hrs?

System Operator Response 4 March 2021

We are reviewing this point and will provide an answer as soon as possible.

4

Does the load requirement apply to conforming and non-conforming loads?

System Operator Response 4 March 2021

Yes it does.