Extended Reserve

Project Update

February 2017

Transpower, as system operator, has published the extended reserve technical requirements schedule (TRS). The published TRS is available here. Transpower completed consultation on the TRS and supporting documents in November 2016. The documentation from the consultation is available in the section below. 

Reference Documents

The 2016 TRS consultation paper and supporting documents can be found in the table below for your reference.

Summary of Submissions [ pdf 3.58 MB ]
Extended Reserve Technical Requirements Schedule - Consultation Information.pdf [ pdf 854.56 KB ]
Appendix B - Draft Extended Reserve Technical Requirements Schedule.pdf [ pdf 623.01 KB ]
Appendix C - Extended Reserve Compliance Report Template.pdf [ pdf 1.07 MB ]
Appendix D - Companion Guide for Testing of Assets.pdf [ pdf 3.23 MB ]

The TRS reflects Transpower’s analysis of the technical requirements for extended reserve set out in the following report;

Extended Reserve Technical Requirements Report [ pdf 1.98 MB ]

Supporting Information

Testing Requirements and Compliance Reporting for Extended Reserve

Background

AUFLS is the acronym for Automatic Under-Frequency Load Shedding and describes the set of relays in New Zealand which automatically trip blocks of load, following a severe under-frequency event, to restore the system frequency.

The System Operator relies on these relays to prevent system collapse following under-frequency events which have the potential to cause a system black-out.

New Zealand's current AUFLS scheme is made up of two blocks of at least 16% of demand in each island. This means that 32% of customers' load can automatically disconnect to restore stability to the power system following the loss of net injection which drops the system frequency to below 48Hz.

A review of the current AUFLS arrangements identified that the scheme could be amended to provide a better level of cover for both large defined risks and also a broader range of undefined larger "other" risks.

To improve overall performance and therefore reliability of the scheme, the System Operator identified dividing the AUFLS load into more blocks of smaller sizes in the North Island, and amending the trip settings of the second AUFLS block in the South Island. In addition for the North Island, the investigations also indicated a further performance improvement in the AUFLS scheme through using the rate of frequency fall to trigger AUFLS for at least one block.

AUFLS Animation

We have prepared an animation that summarises the findings of the Scheme Design Report and in available in our Learning Centre.

The AUFLS scheme design being proposed by the System Operator is summarised in the table below.

 

Primary
frequency
element

Secondary
frequency
element

Frequency change rate element

North Island

Target size

Min size

Max size

Set point (Hz)

Hold delay (ms)

Set point (Hz)

Hold delay (s)

Set point (Hz/s)

Guard Freq. (Hz)

Hold delay (ms)

Block 1

10%

8%

12%

47.9

100

-

-

-

-

-

Block 2

10%

8%

12%

47.7

100

47.9

14

-

-

-

Block 3

6%

5%

7.5%

47.5

100

47.7

14

-

-

-

Block 4

6%

5%

7.5%

47.3

100

47.5

14

-1.2

48.5

100

South Island Size (%) Trip Freq (Hz) Operating Time (s) 2nd Trip Freq (Hz) Hold Delay (s)
Block 1 16% 47.5 .4 - -
Block 2 16% 46.5 .4 47.5 15

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